What is periodontal sickness?
The mouth is full of bacteria that continuously form plaque on the teeth. If it is not removed daily by brushing, flossing, irrigation, etc., it hardens and ends up forming deposits called tartar that cannot be removed by regular brushing. This plaque along with the rest of the bacteria in the mouth develops inflammatory processes in the gums, which if left untreated, can lead to the loss of the bone that supports the teeth, causing mobility and loss of them.
Gingivitis is the mildest form in which periodontal disease manifests. It appears when the bacterial plaque has accumulated in the gums for a prolonged period and has evolved to become tartar.
Periodontitis is, in general, the consequence of untreated or poorly cured gingivitis. It appears when the bacterial plaque accumulated in the gums begins to destroy the soft tissues that support the teeth and end up affecting the bone.
Gingivitis: bleeding gums
Gingivitis is identified by redness, bleeding and inflammation of the gums. Usually, it develops as a result of inadequate oral hygiene but it can also be caused by hormonal problems during pregnancy, by taking certain medication, etc…
This condition is not usually significantly painful, so many people suffer it without realizing it. It is necessary to apply a treatment to eliminate it because if it is not done it can cause cavities or evolve into Periodontitis.
To prevent its appearance, it is essential to maintain a rigorous dental hygiene, brushing after each meal and with the complementary use of dental floss or inter proximal brushes, as well as going to the dentist’s office to check our mouth and gums.
Gingivitis is a reversible disease that can be solved with simple visits to the dentist. At our clinic in Estepona we perform prophylaxis or professional oral cleanings with which we manage to reduce accumulated tartar and eliminate oral bacteria.
Our doctors at Cenyt Dental give the advice of going to the dentist’s office when facing any sign of gingivitis to put a solution as soon as possible and prevent it from triggering in another oral disease. In addition, we will explain what the habits are that you should include in your daily routine of dental hygiene to achieve optimal cleaning.
Periodontitis: loss of bone support
Periodontitis is mainly detected by the following symptoms:
- Gum retraction, visually the teeth seem longer.
- Separation of the teeth.
- Bad breath.
- Increase in tooth sensitivity.
- Mobility of the teeth.
- Phlegm in the gums.
- Bone loss.
All these symptoms originate as a result of the accumulation of tartar between the tooth and the gums, which causes the development of periodontal pockets. When these are formed, bacteria are deposited that gradually cause bone loss. If not treated, the final consequence of this disease is the definitive loss of dental pieces.
It is really important to go to the dental clinic as soon as the first symptoms appear to be treated by a dentist as soon as possible. The main objective of the periodontal treatment should be to prevent the loss of teeth and restore the gums affected by the bacteria.
To repair the gums during the treatment for Periodontitis, deep cleaning of the mouth is carried out by means of curettes. In this way, the bacterial plaque adhered to the gums is eliminated and the periodontal pockets are reduced, so that there is no separation between the gum and the tooth. To prevent these oral problems from developing again, it will be essential for the patients to be thorough with their oral cleaning and consult with their dentist.
Treatments for periodontal diseases
At Cenyt Dental, we offer you the following treatments:
- Cleaning and periodical maintenance
- Periodontal maintenance
- Scraping and root smoothing
- Gum reconstructive regeneration
- Splinted wire/prosthodontics containment
- Gingival grafts